Timeline of England 

1066 - Modern day

Navigate to Period

1066 - 1154

1154 - 1485

1485 - 1603

1603 - 1714

1714 - 1837

1837 - 1901

1901 - Present

Key

⚔️ Battle

📖 Key Works

🏰 Construction

⚖️ Law

☠️ Death

👑 Monarchs

🔍 Discovery

 Religious

🦠Disease

🏛 Politics

👤 Key Personalities

🛡 War

🎭 Culture

💰 Economy

🔬 Science & Technology

 

norman period

1066 - 1154

Navigate to Era

1066 - 1135

1135 - 1154

Political and Social Events

👑 Monarchs

Major Personalities and Works

⚔️ 14th Oct 1066.  Battle of Hastings

Defeated Harold Godwinson and claimed the throne.

🏰 1067.   Oxford University established.

🏰 1078.   Construction of the White Tower, Tower of London.

William I

1066 - 1087

William the Conqueror

Vilem1.jpg

👑 Harold Godwinson - Previous King

👑 Edward the Confessor Supposedly promised the throne to William, Duke of Normandy.

📖 Bayeux Tapestry Visual record of 1066.

📖 Doomsday Book Audit of property in England.

Godwinson

William II

1087  - 1100

William Rufus

Godwinson

Stephen

1135 - 1154

Henry Beauclerc

Godwinson

Matilda

1141 - 1141

Matilda the Empress

🛡 Civil War with cousin Matilda

Godwinson

Henry I

1100 - 1135

Henry Beauclerc

Godwinson

 
 
 
 

Plantagenet period

1154 - 1485

1154 - 1216

1216 - 1399

1399 - 1461

1461 - 1485

Political and Social Events

👑 Monarchs

Major Personalities and Works

Godwinson

Henry II

1154 - 1189

Henry Curtmantle

☠️ Thomas Beckett killed at Canterbury by 4 knights.

🛡 Holy Crusade

Richard I

1189 - 1199

Richard the Lionheart

Godwinson

Godwinson

John

1199-1216

John Lackland

📖 1215 Magna Carta limited the king's power.

🛡Godwinson

Henry III

1216 - 1272

Henry of Winchester

Godwinson

🛡1277 - 1284 Conquest of Wales

🛡1284 Conquest of Wales

🛡1296 - 1328 First War of Scottish Independence 

🏛 1295 England's First Parliament

       Included nobles, bishops and two representatives from each county.

Edward I

1272 - 1307

Edward Longshanks

Godwinson

⚔️ 1314 Bannockburn Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeated England.

Edward II

1307 - 1327

Edward of Caernarfon

👑 Robert the Bruce King of Scotland

🛡1296 - 1328 End of First War of Scottish Independence 

🛡1332 - 1357 Second War of Scottish Independence 

🛡1337 - 1453 Start of Hundred Years' War

⚖️ 1362 Parliament must approve all taxation.

🦠 1348 - 1350 Black Death plague

      Killed as many as 50% of the population.

      Plague returned: 1361-64, 1368, 1371, 1373-75

Edward III

1327 - 1377

Godwinson

🛡 1381 Peasants' Revolt

Richard II

1377 - 1399

👤 1343 - 1400 Geoffrey Chaucer famous author e.g. Canterbury Tales

Godwinson

Henry IV

1399 - 1413

Godwinson

Henry Bolingbroke

⚔️ 1415 Agincourt English defeated the French.

Henry V

1413 - 1422

Godwinson

🛡 1337 - 1453 End of Hundred Years' War

🛡1455 - 1487 Start of War of the Roses

Henry VI

1422 - 1461

👤 Joan of Arc Led the French against the English

      ☠️ 1431 Burnt at the stake

⚔️ Towton Edward VI overthrows Henry VI

Edward IV

1461 - 1470

Godwinson

Godwinson

Edward IV

1471 - 1483

Godwinson

Edward V

1483

Henry VI

1470 - 1471

Richard III

1483 - 1485

Godwinson

Godwinson

Tudor period

1485 - 1603

1485 - 1558

1558 - 1603

Political and Social Events

👑 Monarchs

Major Personalities and Works

🛡1588 Spanish Armada Philip II of Spain attempts to overthrow Elizabeth with a fleet of 130 ships. Fewer than one third returned.

💰1600 Formation of the East India Company.

Elizabeth I

1558 - 1603

The Virgin Queen

👤 Sir Francis Drake

👤 Sir Walter Raleigh

👤 William Shakespeare

⚔️ 1485 Bosworth Field Henry VII defeats Richard III

⚔️ 1487 Stoke Field Yorkist Rebellion defeated.

🛡1455 - 1487 End of War of the Roses.

Henry VII

1485 - 1509

Harold Godwinson

⚔️ 1513 Flodden Catherine of Aragon defeats Scotland's James IV.

⛪ 1534 Formation of the Church of England.

Henry VIII

1509 - 1547

👤 Thomas Wolsey

👤Thomas Cramner

👤 Thomas Moore

👤 6 wives of Henry VIII: Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard, Catherine Parr.

Godwinson

Edward VI

1547 - 1553

Godwinson

🛡 1585 -1604 Start of Anglo-Spanish War 

Mary I

1553 - 1558

Bloody Mary

👑 Philip II of Spain Husband of Mary I.

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Stuart period

1603 - 1714

1603 - 1625

1625 - 1649

1649-1660

1660 - 1714

Political and Social Events

👑 Monarchs

Major Personalities and Works

James II

1685 - 1688

Last Catholic King

🛡 1585 -1604 End of Anglo-Spanish War 

🏛 1605 Gun Powder Plot Catholic group attempt to detonate gun powder under parliament and kill James I.

James I

1603 - 1625

👤 Robert Catesby & Guy Fawkes 

🛡 1642 - 1651 English Civil War Charles declares war on Parliament.

⚔️ 1642 Edgehill 

⚔️ 1645 Naseby Parliament forces destroy Charles' army.

Charles I

1625 - 1649

👤 Oliver Cromwell

⚔️ 1651 Worchester Charles II escapes. End of Civil War.

🎭 1652/4 Tea introduced in Britain. 

Interregnum

1649-1660

Godwinson

🔥 1666 Great Fire of London

      Over 13,000 homes and 87 churches destroyed; 6 deaths

Charles II

1660 - 1685

Godwinson

🏛️ Great Revolution

⚖️ 1689 Bill of Rights All future monarchs would be protestants.

Mary II

1689 - 1694

Godwinson

⚖️ 1689 Bill of Rights All future monarchs would be protestants.

William III

1689 - 1702

William of Orange

🛡1702 - 1713 War of Spanish Succession England and        Netherlands fought. France prevented from ruling over Spain.

⚖️ 1707 Act of Union United England and Scotland.

Anne

1702 -1714

Godwinson

 

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Georgian period

1714 - 1837

Political and Social Events

👑 Monarchs

Major Personalities and Works

William IV

1830-1837

14th Oct

George I

1702 - 1727

Harold Godwinson

🛡1745 - 1746 45 Rebellion

⚔️ 1746 Battle of Culloden

🛡 1756 - 1763 Seven Years War 

George II

1727 - 1760

Godwinson

🛡1775 - 1783 American War of Independence

🏛️ 1776 American Declaration of Independence

🛡 1799 - 1815 Napoleonic Wars

🏛️ 1800 Act of Union Great Britain unites with the Kingdom of Ireland forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

⚔️ 1805 Trafalgar

⚖️ 1807 The Slave Trade Act

⚔️ 1815 Waterloo

George III

1760 - 1820

Godwinson

George IV

1820 - 1830

Godwinson

 

victorian period

1837 - 1901

Political and Social Events

👑 Monarchs

Major Personalities and Works

🛡 1839 - 1842 First Anglo-Afghan War

🎭 1851 The Great Exhibition

🛡1853 - 1856 Crimean War

☠️ 1868 Last Public Hanging of Michael Barret at Newgate.

⚖️ Education Act provides schooling for children aged 5-13 through school boards, who also paid for the poor.

Victoria

1837 - 1901

Harold Godwinson

 

Saxe-Coburg-Gotha / Winsor period

1714 - 1837

Political and Social Events

👑 Monarchs

Major Personalities and Works

🛡️1990-91 Gulf War

🏰 1994 Channel Tunnel

Elizabeth II

1952 - Present

Godwinson

14th Oct

Edward VII

1901 - 1910

Harold Godwinson

🛡1914-1918 First World War

🏛️ 1920 Ireland's Declaration of Independence

George V

1910 - 1936

Godwinson

Edward VIII

1936

Godwinson

George VI

1936 - 1952

Godwinson

Godwinson

🛡1939-1945 Second World War