Timeline of England 

1066 - Modern day

A work-in-progress!

To be completed soon

Navigate to Period

1066 - 1154

1154 - 1485

1485 - 1603

1603 - 1714

1714 - 1837

1837 - 1901

1901 - Present

Key

⚔️ Battle

📖 Key Works

🏰 Construction

⚖️ Law

🎭 Culture

☠️ Death

👑 Monarchs

💰 Economy

🔍 Discovery

 Religious

🦠Disease

🏛 Politics

👤 Key Personalities

🛡 War

🔬 Science & Technology

How to use the timeline

The timeline of England covers the period from 1066 to the modern day. Each period is split into ruling dynasties and are primarily categorised by the ruling monarch. The size of the row given to each monarch is in proportion to the length of their reign to allow for quick comparison.

The events and people given in the timeline have been chosen carefully to reflect episodes which are typically highlighted as key to that moment in history. Many people and things are omitted and there is little explanation given with for the choice. This is done purpose purposefully to keep the overview concise.

The timeline was created with two primary learning functions in mind: a brief revision page for those who are studying the broad strokes of English History, or a starting point for intrepid learners to discover decisive moments, from which they can explore in greater detail. We hope the timeline will grow and become increasingly useful.

 

norman period

1066 - 1154

Navigate to Era

1066 - 1135

1135 - 1154

👑 Monarchs

War & Conflict

Political & Social Events

Major Personalities & Works

son of

William I

son of

William I

grandson of

William I

daughter of

Henry I

William I

1066 - 1087

William the Conqueror

⚔️25th Sept 1066 Battle of Stamford Bridge

⚔️ 14th Oct 1066  Battle of Hastings

🛡Winter 1069-70 Harrying of the North

🛡1075 Earls' Revolt

🛡1075 Wales Campaign

🏛1066 Coronation of William I.

🏛1066 Beginning of Feudal System.

🏛⛪ Latin becomes language of church and government.

🏰 1067 Oxford University established.

⚖️1072 Peace of Abernethy between England and Malcom I of Scotland.

🏰 1078 Construction of the White Tower, Tower of London.

🏰 Built Motte and Bailey castles through England.

👑 Edward the Confessor Supposedly promised the throne to William, Duke of Normandy.

👤Edgar Aetheling, closest relative to King Edward the Confessor

👑 Harold Godwinson Previous King

👑Harold Hardrada, King of Norway 

👤 William Fitz Osbern, cousin of William I, controlled England with 👤 Bishop Odo (0f Bayeux) in 1067.

📖 Bayeux Tapestry Visual record of 1066.

📖 Doomsday Book Audit of property in England.

William II

1087  - 1100

William Rufus

🛡️1088 Rebellion by Odo of Bayeux

🛡1091 Invasion of Normandy

🛡1093 Wales Campaign

🛡1096-99 First Crusade

⚖️Trials by Order outlawed

🏛1093 Children of Malcolm III forced into exile in England.

🏰 1095 Building of Great Hall at the Palace of Westminster.

👤 Anselm of Cantebury

👑Malcolm III, king of Scotland

👑 Robert Curthose, eldest son of William I, become Duke of Normandy in 1087. 

☠️1100 William II shot with arrow in hunting accident.

Stephen

1135 - 1154

Henry Beauclerc

Matilda

1141 - 1141

Matilda the Empress

🛡1935-53 The Anarchy Civil War with cousin Matilda

🛡1136 David I invades northern England.

🛡1138 Battle of the Standard

🛡1141 Battle of Lincoln 

🛡1147 Henry of Anjou attempts invasion

🛡1149 Henry of Anjou attacks northern England

🛡1147-50 Second Crusade

🛡Henry of Anjou invades England

👤 Robert Fitzroy, Earl of Gloucester, illegitimate son of Henry I, arrests and imprisons King Stephen of England for 9 months.

👑 Henry of Anjou (future Henry II of England)

👑 David I of Scotland takes Northumbria

👑 Empress Matilda, daughter of Henry I

👑 Queen Matilda, wife of Stephen, captured Robert Fitzroy in 1141.

Henry I

1100 - 1135

Henry Beauclerc

🛡Robert Curthose invades England. Peace is negotiated at an annuity of 3000 marks.

⚔️ 1106 Tinchebrai, leads to annexation of Normandy.

🛡1111-4 War with France

🛡1114 Wales Campaign

🛡1116-9 War with France

⚖️ 1101-2 Treaty of Alton

⛪ 1106 Henry met Anselm and gave up the power to invest bishops.

🏛1109 First recorded meeting of the Exchequer, an accounting body created to monitor the English king's finances and debtors.

🏛Matilda, married Holy Roman Emperor Henry V ☠️ 1125. Matilda remarried in 1128: Count Geoffrey of Anjou, known by the nickname 'Plantagenet' because his family coat of arms included the broom plant (planta genista).

🏛Henry I appointed daughter, Matilda, as heir after White Ship wreck.

👤 Robert Curthose, eldest son of William I, defeated at Battle of Tinchebrai 1106. Imprisoned for life.

👑 Alexander I, of Scotland, assists Henry I in Wales.

☠️ 1120 White Ship wreck. Henry's heirs, William and Richard, are killed.

👑 1128 Henry's daughter Matilda marries Geoffrey of Anjou.

☠️1135 Legend: Henry I died from overeating lampreys (a type of eel).

👤Archbishop Anselm

👑 Queen Matilda. Married to Henry I, daughter of Malcolm III of Scotland.

 
 

🏛1135 Stephen, Count of Blois, richest baron in England and nephew of Henry I, appointed king by Barons.

🏛1141 Robert Fitzroy, Earl of Gloucester, arrests and imprisons King Stephen of England.

🏛8th April 1141 Empress Matilda is elected queen of England at Winchester.

🏛25th Dec 1141 Stephen's 2nd Coronation

🏛1151 Henry of Anjou inherits his father’s lands in Normandy, Anjou, Touraine and Maine.

🏛1152 Henry of Anjou marries Eleanor of Aquitaine.

⚖️1153 Treaty of Wallingford recognises Henry as Stephen's heir.

 

Plantagenet period

1154 - 1485

1154 - 1216

1216 - 1399

1399 - 1461

1461 - 1485

👑 Monarchs

War & Conflict

Political & Social Events

Major Personalities & Works

son of

Matilda

son of

Henry II

son of

Henry II

son of

John

son of

Henry III

son of

Edward I

son of

Edward II

grandson of

Edward III

son of 

Edward the 

Black Prince

grandson of

Edward III

son of 

John of Gaunt

son of

Henry IV

son of

Henry V

great great grandson of

Edward III

son of

Edward IV

brother of

Edward IV

Henry II

1154 - 1189

Henry Curtmantle

🛡️ 1154-1214 Start of Angevin Empire

🛡1169-71 Conquest of Ireland

🛡️ 1173-4 Revolt of Henry II's sons: Henry the Young King; Richard, Duke of Aquitaine; Geoffrey, Duke of Brittany; William of Scotland

🛡1188-9 Richard I, future King John and Philip II of France rebel against Henry II 

🏛1157 Henry II regains Northumbria

⛪️ 1162-70 Thomas Beckett is archbishop of Canterbury, spends 1164-70 in exile in France after being found guilty of being in contempt of royal authority.

⚖️ 1164 Constitutions of Clarendon establishes primacy of common law

⚖️ 1166 Assize of Clarendon developed trial by jury.

🏛1170-4 Eleanor separates from Henry II; holds court at Poitiers, inspires development of courtly love poetry.

⚖️1174 Treaty of Falaise Henry II recognised as overlord of Scotland; 1175 Ireland followed.

⛪️ 1773 Thomas Beckett is canonised to sainthood.

🏛1174-89 Eleanor is imprisoned by Henry II for supporting her sons' revolts.

👑 Eleanor of Aquitaine Wife of Henry II

👑 Henry the Young King titular king 1170-83, crowned during father's reign but didn't gain autonomous power.

☠️ 1183 Henry the Young King dies of dysentery

☠️1186 Geoffrey, Count of Brittany, son of Henry II dies at tournament

👑 Richard, Duke of Aquitaine and Count of Poitou, son of Henry II

👤1162 Thomas Beckett becomes Archbishop of Cantebury.

☠️ 1170 Thomas Beckett killed at Canterbury by 4 knights.

👤Richard de Clare (Strongbow) led first conquest of Ireland.

👑 William the Lion of Scotland invades northern England.

👤 William Marshal

Richard I

1189 - 1199

Richard the Lionheart

🛡 1189-1192 Third Crusade, Jerusalem was not captured

⚔️ 1191 Siege of Acre

🛡1194-99 French war against Philip I.

⚖️ 1899 Quitclaim of Canterbury returns Scotland to William I

🛡 1193-1194 Richard imprisoned in Germany.

👑 Saladin first sultan of Egypt and Syria and founder of the Ayyubid dynasty.

☠️ 1199 Richard I, battle at Chalus in France

John

1199-1216

John Lackland

🛡️1202-04 French invasion of Normandy Normandy is lost to Philippe II

🛡️1211 Welsh Uprising

🛡️1213-4 Anglo-French War

⚔️ 1214 Battle of Bouvines Most of English territory in France is lost

🛡️ 1154-1214 End of Angevin Empire

🛡️1215-17 First Barons' War

⛪️ 1209-13 Pope Innocent III excommunicated king John.

👑 Llyweln the Great of Wales ☠️1240.

👑 Philippe II Augustus of France takes Normandy.

📖 1215 Magna Carta limited the king's power.

Henry III

1216 - 1272

Henry of Winchester

🛡️1215-17 First Barons' War

🛡️1242-43 Saintonge War

🛡️1264-67 Second Barons' War

⚔️1264 Battle of Lewes Henry III is captured.

⚔️1265 Battle of Evesham 

🏛1236 creation of 'Parliament

⚖️ 1237 Treaty of York Alexander II renounces Scottish claims to border counties.

⚖️1258 Provisions of Oxford

⚖️1259 Provisions of Westminster

⚖️1266 Treaty of Perth with Norway secures Western Isles for Scotland.

⚖️1267 Treaty of Montgomery recognises Llywelyn ap Gruffudd as Price of Wales.

📖 1217 Revised Magna Carta (signed 1225)

👤 Simon de Montfort led to Barons' war. ☠️ 1265.

👑 Louis of France

👤Hubert de Burgh justiciar. 1232 - dismissed by Henry III. 

👑Alexander II of Scotland

Edward I

1272 - 1307

Edward Longshanks

🛡1277 - 1284 Conquest of Wales

🛡1284 Conquest of Wales

🛡️1294 - 1303 Anglo-French War

🛡1296 - 1328 First War of Scottish Independence 

⚔️ 1297 Battle of Stirling Bridge English defeated by William Wallace. 

⚔️ 1298 Falkirk Wallace defeated.

⚖️ 1284 Statute of Wales

⛪️  Edict of Expulsion

🏛1291 Edward I asserts right to decide Scottish succession

🏛 1295 England's First Parliament

     Included nobles, bishops and two representatives from each county.

👑 1282-3 Llywelyn ap Gruffudd of Wales defeated.

☠️ Margaret, Maid of Norway, leaves Scottish succession open. 

👤William Wallace, leader of the Scots. ☠️ 1305 betrayed, hanged, drawn and quartered in London. 

👑Robert the Bruce rebels against Edward I in 1306.

👤Edward of Caernarvon, son of Edward I, made Prince of Wales, a title which is still used to this day.

Edward II

1307 - 1327

Edward of Caernarfon

⚔️ 1314 Bannockburn Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeated England.

🛡1315-18 Edward Bruce invades Ireland.

🛡1321-22 Civil War Edward II deposed.

⚖️ 1320 Declaration of Arbroath statement of Scottish Independence. 

👑 Robert the Bruce King of Scotland

👑 Edward Bruce, brother of Robert, invades Ireland and is crowned High King of Ireland in 1316.

Edward III

1327 - 1377

🛡1296 - 1328 End of First War of Scottish Independence 

🛡1332 - 1357 Second War of Scottish Independence 

⚔️1333 Halidon Hill English defeat Scotland

🛡1337 - 1453 Start of Hundred Years' War

⚔️ 1340 Sluys English defeat French

⚔️ 1346 Crécy English defeat French

⚔️ 1346 Neville's Cross English defeat Scots

⚔️ 1356 Poitiers English defeat French

⚖️ 1362 Parliament must approve all taxation.

🦠 1348 - 1350 Black Death plague

      Killed as many as 50% of the population.

      Plague returned: 1361-64, 1368, 1371, 1373-75

⚖️ 1360 Peace of Brétigny between England and France.

⚖️ 1366 Statues of Kilkenny forbid English settlers to intermarry with native Irish.

☠️ 1328 Edward III claims French throne after death of Charles VI of France.

👤 Edward the Black Prince, son of Edward III ☠️ 1376

👤 John of Gaunt, son of Edward III 

👤John Wycliffe Theologian who questioned the supreme authority of the Pope.

Richard II

1377 - 1399

🛡 1381 Peasants' Revolt

🛡1387 Lords Appellant Revolt

🛡1394-5 Expedition to Ireland

⚖️ 1388 Merciless Parliament indicts Richard II's allies. 

⚖️ 1389 Richard II declares himself of age; Lord Appellant are dismissed.

🏛1399 Richard II deposed.

👤 1343 - 1400 Geoffrey Chaucer famous author e.g. Canterbury Tales

👤 Lords Appellant: Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester, son of Edward III (king's uncle); 

Richard FitzAlan, Earl of Arundel and of Surrey; and

Thomas de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick. These were later joined by

Henry Bolingbroke, Earl of Derby (future 👑) and

Thomas de Mowbray, Earl of Nottingham.

Henry IV

1399 - 1413

Henry Bolingbroke

🛡 1400 Revolt of Owain Glyn Dwr

🛡1402-8 Percy Rebellion

⚔️ 1403 Shrewsbury

⚔️ 1408 Bramham Moor

☠️ 1403 Henry Percy ('Hotspur') at Shrewbury.

Henry V

1413 - 1422

⚔️ 1415 Agincourt English defeated the French.

⚖️ 1420 Treaty of Troyes between England and France.

Henry VI

1422 - 1461

⚔️ 1449-50 England lose Normandy to France

🛡1450 Rebellion of John Cade

⚔️ 1453 England lose Gascony to France

🛡 1337 - 1453 End of Hundred Years' War

🛡1455 - 1487 Start of War of the Roses

⚔️1455 Battle of St. Albans 

🏛 1436 Henry VI attains age of maturity.

👤 Joan of Arc Led the French against the English

      ☠️ 1431 Burnt at the stake

📖 The Book of Margery Kempe 

📖 1439 Gutenberg Bible created with first printing press.

Edward IV

1461 - 1470

⚔️1461  Towton Edward VI overthrows Henry VI

⚔️ Barnet Henry VI defeated

Edward IV

1471 - 1483

Edward V

1483

Richard III

1483 - 1485

⚔️ 1485 Bosworth Field Henry VII defeats Richard III

Henry VI

1470 - 1471

Navigate to Era

 
 
 
 
 

Tudor period

1485 - 1603

1485 - 1558

1558 - 1603

👑 Monarchs

War & Conflict

Political & Social Events

Major Personalities & Works

Elizabeth I

1558 - 1603

The Virgin Queen

🛡️1494-1559 End of Italian Wars

🛡1569 Rising of the North

🛡️1569-83 Desmond Wars

🛡️1585-1604 Start of Anglo-Spanish War

🛡1585-1648 Start of Eighty Years' War

🛡1588 Spanish Armada Philip II of Spain attempts to overthrow Elizabeth with a fleet of 130 ships. Fewer than one third returned.

⚔️ 1588 Gravelines

🛡1589 English Armada

🛡1589 Support given to Henri IV in French Wars of Religion (1562-1598).

🛡1601 Essex's Rebellion

🛡1594-1603 Nine Years' War (Tyrone's Rebellion) 

⚖️1959 Act of Uniformity

⚖️1563 39 Articles 

⛪️1570 Pope Pius V declares Elizabeth's reign illegitimate

🏛 1585 Babington Plot against Elizabeth. Mary Queen of Scots is implicated. 

⚖️ Nonsuch Treaty promises to help the Dutch Republic resist Spanish occupation.  

🦠 1597/8 Harvest failures

💰1600 Formation of the East India Company

⚖️1601 Poor Relief Schemes

👤 Sir Francis Drake, circumnavigated the world

👤 Sir Walter Raleigh, explorer

📖 William Shakespeare, wrote at least 37 plays, 4 poems and 154 sonnets.

📖 Edmund Spencer, The Faerie Queene

👤 William Cecil, queen's chief advisor ☠️ 1598

👤Robert Cecil, replaced his father

👑 Mary Queen of Scots ☠️ 1587

👤 Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, led failing expedition to Netherlands 

👤Hugh Roe O’Donnell led Irish in the Nine Years' War.

👤Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, led rebellion in 1601.

👤Matthew Parker, Archbishop of Canterbury

👤Lord Charles Howard, led English ships against the Armada

Henry VII

1485 - 1509

⚔️ 1487 Stoke Field Yorkist Rebellion defeated.

🛡1455 - 1487 End of War of the Roses.

🛡️1497 Cornish Rebellion

🛡️1494-1559 Start of Italian Wars

👑 1486 Elizabeth of York marries Henry VII.

☠️1502 Prince Author dies.

Henry VIII

1509 - 1547

🛡️1513; 1544-51 Anglo-Scottish Wars

⚔️ 1513 Flodden Catherine of Aragon defeats Scotland's James IV.

⚔️1542 Solway Moss James V is defeated and killed. Infant daughter Mary becomes queen.

⛪️ 1521 Pope Leo X awards Henry VIII the title of Fidei Defensor (“Defender of the Faith”) for his writings against Martin Luther and Reformation.

⛪ 1534 Act of Supremacy Formation of the Church of England.

⛪️1536 Dissolution of the monasteries begins

⚖️ 1542 Witchcraft Act repealed 1547

⛪️1545 Latin mass is replaced by mass in English

👤Martin Luther 

👤 Thomas Wolsey

👤Thomas Cramner

👤 Thomas Moore

👑 6 wives of Henry VIII: Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard, Catherine Parr.

📖 Hans Holbein

📖1525 William Tyndale translates the New Testament into English ☠️ 1536 executed.

Edward VI

1547 - 1553

🛡️1549 Third Cornish Uprising, led by Robert Kett

🛡️ 1544-51 Anglo-Scottish Wars

📖 1549 Anglican Book of Common Prayer prepared by Thomas Cranmer.

👤 Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset

👤John Dudley, Earl of Warwick

Mary I

1553 - 1558

Bloody Mary

🛡 1585 -1604 Start of Anglo-Spanish War 

⚔️ 1558 Siege of Calais

👑1553 Lady Jane Grey is nominated as queen. Overthrown by Mary after 9 days.

👑 Philip II of Spain Husband of Mary I.

⚖️ Act of Uniformity

☠️ Burnt almost 300 protestants at the stake, led by Reginald Pole, Archbishop of Cantebury

🏛Planation of Ireland began

Navigate to Era

 
 

Stuart period

1603 - 1714

1603 - 1625

1625 - 1649

1649-1660

1660 - 1714

👑 Monarchs

War & Conflict

Political & Social Events

Major Personalities & Works

🛡1865 Monmouth Rebellion

James II

1685 - 1688

Last Catholic King

James I

1603 - 1625

🛡 1585 -1604 End of Anglo-Spanish War 

🏛1603 Main Plot

🏛 1605 Gun Powder Plot Catholic group attempt to detonate gun powder under parliament and kill James I.

🛡1609-13 First Anglo-Powhatan War

🛡1622 Second Anglo-Powhatan War

🏛 1604 Hampton Court Conference

⚖️ 1604 Witchcraft Act reinstated

⚖️ 1606 Parliament proclaims Oath of Allegiance 

🏛 1607 Jamestown is established in Virginia

🏛1609 Plantation of Ulster

⚖️ 1610 The Great Contract

⛪️ 1612 first Baptist Church

⛪️ 1618 Attempted integration of Scottish Kirk and Church of England 

🏛 1620 Puritan Pilgrims arrives at Massachusetts

👤Sir Walter Raleigh accused in Main Plot and imprisoned. Released in 1618 to find El Dorado ☠️ 1618

👤 Robert Catesby & Guy Fawkes led Gun Powder Plot 

👤 Henry Hudson, 1610: explores the Hudson Strait.

📖 1611 King James Bible authorised

👤Robert Cecil, treasurer. 1610 asked for taxes to help the king (refused).

☠️ 1612 Prince Henry dies.

Charles I

1625 - 1649

⚖️1625 Parliament stops Tonnage and poundage

⚖️ 1626 Forced Loan

⚖️1628 The Petition of Right

⚖️1629 Parliament dissolved. Start of personal rule.

⚖️1639 Pacification of Berwick

🏛1640 Short Parliament

⚖️1641 Triennial Act

🏛 1641 The Grand Remonstrance

🏛 1642 Charles arrests 5 MPs

🏛1642-60 Long Parliament

🏛1645 New Model Army created

⚖️ 1648 Pride's Purge

👤George Villier, Duke of Buckingham 

👤Thomas Wentworth, Lord Deputy of Ireland

👤William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury

👤 Oliver Cromwell

👤 John Pym

👤Sir Thomas Fairfax

👤Prince Rupert of the Rhine

👤Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex

☠️1649 Charles I executed by parliament

Interregnum

1649-1660

🛡1649-53 Cromwell's conquest of Ireland

⚔️ 1651 Worchester Charles II escapes. End of Civil War.

🛡1652-4 First Anglo-Dutch War

🛡1654-60 Anglo-Spanish War

⛪️ 1650 George Fox founds the Quakers

⚖️ 1651 Navigation Act

🎭 1652 Tea introduced in Britain. 

⚖️1653 Instrument of Government

👑 Oliver Cromwell ☠️ 1658

👑 Richard Cromwell

📖 Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan 

Charles II

1660 - 1685

🛡1662-8 English expedition to Portugal

🛡1665-67 Second Anglo-Dutch War

🛡1667-68 War of Devolution

🛡1672-74 Third Anglo-Dutch War

🛡1675-76 King Philip's War

🛡1676 Virginia Rebellion

🏰 1660 General Post Office

⚖️1660 Declaration of Breda

⛪️ 1661  Corporation Act

⛪️1662 The Act of Uniformity

🔥 1666 Great Fire of London

      Over 13,000 homes and 87 churches destroyed; 6 deaths

⚖️ 1679 Habeas Corpus Act

📖 Diary of Samuel Pepys

📖 John Milton, Paradise Lost

🔬Issac Newton discovers gravity

Mary II

1689 - 1694

🛡1688-97 Nine Years' War

⚖️ 1689 The Toleration Act

📖 1690 John Locke, Two Treatises of Government

William III

1689 - 1702

William of Orange

🛡 1688-97 King William's War (Second Indian War)

⚔️ 1690 Boyne

⚖️1701 Act of Settlement

Anne

1702 -1714

🛡1702 - 13 War of Spanish Succession England and        Netherlands fought. France prevented from ruling over Spain.

🛡1702-13 Queen Anne's War

⚖️ 1707 Act of Union United England and Scotland.

🛡1625-30 Anglo-Spanish War

🛡1627-29 Anglo-French War

🛡1639-40 First & Second Bishops' War 

🛡1639 Irish Rebellion

🛡1642-48 Irish Confederates' War

🛡 1642 - 1651 English Civil War 

1st (42-46) 2nd (1648) 3rd (50-51).

⚔️ 1642 Edgehill 

🛡1644 Third Anglo-Powhatan War

⚔️ 1645 Naseby 

🛡1585-1648 End of Eighty Years' War

⚔️ 1648 Battle of Preston

 

Navigate to Era

 
 
 
 

Georgian period

1714 - 1837

👑 Monarchs

War & Conflict

Political & Social Events

Major Personalities & Works

William IV

1830-1837

George I

1702 - 1727

🛡1715-16; 19 Jacobite Rebellions

🛡1718-20 War of Quadruple Alliance

George II

1727 - 1760

🛡1739-42 War of Jenkins' Ear

🛡1742 - 1748 War of Austrian Succession

🛡1745 - 1746 45 Rebellion

⚔️ 1745 Clifton Moor Skirmish

⚔️ 1746 Culloden

🛡 1756 - 1763 Seven Years War 

George III

1760 - 1820

🛡1763-6 Pontiac's Rebellion

🛡1766-9 First Anglo-Mysore War

🛡1775 - 1783 American War of Independence

🛡1775-82 First Anglo-Maratha War

🛡1780-4 Fourth Anglo-Dutch War

🛡1780-4 Second Anglo-Mysore War

🛡1789-92 Third Anglo-Mysore War

🛡1788-1934 Austrian Frontiers Wars

🛡 1793 - 1802 French Revolutionary Wars

🛡1798 Irish Rebellion

🛡1798-9 Fourth Anglo-Mysore War

🛡1803-15 Napoleonic Wars

🛡1803-4 First Kandian War

🛡1803-5 Second Anglo-Maratha War

⚔️ 1805 Trafalgar

⚔️ 1806 Vellore Mutiny

🛡1812-5 War of 1812

🛡1814-6 Anglo-Nepalese War

⚔️ 1815 Waterloo

🛡1815 Second Kandian War

🛡1817-18 Third Anglo-Maratha War

👤William Wilberforce

📖 William Wordsworth

📖 Jane Austen

👤 1767 Samuel Wallis arrives in Tahiti

📖 1792 Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman

George IV

1820 - 1830

🛡1824-5 First Anglo-Burmese War

🔬1769 James Watt patents the steam engine.

🏛️ 1776 American Declaration of Independence

🏰 1776 Canal Mania

🔬1772 Joseph Priestley presents his discovery of oxygen, carbon monoxide, and nitrous oxide.

🏛️ 1800 Act of Union Great Britain unites with the Kingdom of Ireland forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

🔬1803 Richard Trevithick invented the first steam locomotive.

🔬1803 John Dalton discovers atomic theory.

⚖️ 1807 The Slave Trade Act

⛪️ 1738 John Wesley founded the Methodist Church

📖 David Strauss, Das Leben Jesu

👤John Wesley

⚖️ 1829 The Catholic Emancipation Act

⚖️ 1839 Factory Act

 

victorian period

1837 - 1901

👑 Monarchs

War & Conflict

Political & Social Events

Major Personalities & Works

Victoria

1837 - 1901

🛡1837-8 Upper & Lower Canada Rebellion

🛡1839-40 Syrian War

🛡1839-42 First Anglo-Afghan War

⚔️ 1839 Battle of Ghazni

🛡1839-42 First Opium War

🛡1843 Gwalior Campaign

🛡1848-9 First Anglo-Sikh War

🛡1843-72 New Zealand Wars

🛡1848-9 Second Anglo-Sikh War

🛡1852-3 Second Anglo-Burmese War

🛡1853-56 Crimean War

🛡1856-57 Anglo-Persian War

🛡1856-60 Second Opium War

🛡1857 Indian Rebellion

🛡1859 Pig War

🛡1865 Anglo-Bhutanese War 

🛡1868 Expedition to Abyssinia

🛡1878-80 Anglo-Afghan War 

🛡1879 Anglo-Zulu War 

🛡1880-1 First Boer War

🛡1880-1 Gun War

🛡1881-99 Mahdist War 

🛡1885 Third Anglo-Burmese War 

🛡1888 Sikkim Expedition

🛡1896 Anglo-Zanzibar War  

🛡1897-8 Tirah Campaign

🛡1899-1902 Second Boer War

🛡1900 Boxer Rebellion

⚖️ 1842 Mines Act

🎭 1851 The Great Exhibition

🎭 1853 First Public Aquarium

⚖️ Education Act provides schooling for children aged 5-13 through school boards, who also paid for the poor.

⛪️1865 William Booth formed the Salvation Army

🔬1879 Thomas Edison invents the light bulb.

🏰 1881 Natural History Museum

🎭 1888 Creation of the Football League

🏰 1889 first central electrical power station is completed in Deptford.

🔬1892 Frederick Bremer made the first petrol car. 

🎭 1896 First modern Olympic Games in Athens

☠️ 1868 Last Public Hanging of Michael Barret at Newgate.

📖 Charles Dickens

📖 George Eliot

📖Karl Marx, Communist Manifesto

📖1852 Harriet Beecher Stowe, ​Uncle Tom’s Cabin  

📖 1859 Charles Darwin, On the Origin of Species

📖1887 Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Study in Scarlet

 

Saxe-Coburg-Gotha / Winsor period

1901-Present

👑 Monarchs

War & Conflict

Political & Social Events

Major Personalities & Works

Elizabeth II

1952 - Present

🛡1952-60 Mau Mau Uprising

🛡1955-9 Cyprus Emergency

🛡1956 Suez Crisis

🛡1962 Brunei Revolt

🛡1962-75 Dhofar Rebellion

🛡1963-6 Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation

🛡1963-7 Aden Emergency

🛡1969-98 Northern Ireland Troubles

🛡1975-6 Cod War Confrontation

⚔️ 1980 Iranian Embassy Siege

🛡1982 Falklands War

🛡️1990-91 Gulf War

🛡1992-96 Bosnian War

⚔️1998 Operation Desert Fox

🛡1999 Third Anglo-Afghan War

🛡2000 Sierra Leone Civil War

🛡2001-Ongoing War in Afghanistan

🛡2003-11 Iraq War

🛡2009-Ongoing Somali Civil War

🛡2011 Libyan Civil War

🛡2012-Ongoing Boko Haram insurgency

🛡2013-Ongoing Northern Mali Conflict

🛡2014-Ongoing War against ISIS

🛡2018 Syrian Civil War

🔬1958 Ben Milstein performed first open heart surgery

🎭1960 First Paralympics

🏛1989 Fall of Berlin Wall

🎭 1991 First Women's FIFA World Cup.

🏰 1994 Channel Tunnel

⛪️ 1994 The Church of England ordains women priests

📖 1958 JB Phillips, The New Testament in Modern English

Edward VII

1901 - 1910

🛡1901-2 Anglo-Aro War

🛡1903-4 British Expedition to Tibet

🔬1902 Reginald A. Fessenden invents the radio.

George V

1910 - 1936

🛡1914-1918 First World War

🛡1916 Easter Rising

🛡1918-22 Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War

🛡1919 Third Anglo-Afghan War

🛡1919-21 Anglo-Irish War

☠️ 1912 Sinking of the RMS Titanic

🏛️ 1920 Ireland's Declaration of Independence

🔍 1928 Penicillin discovered by Alexander Flemming

🎭 1930 First Football World Cup

Edward VIII

1936

George VI

1936 - 1952

🛡1939-1945 Second World War

🛡1945-8 British-Zionist conflict in Palestine

🛡1946-7 Greek Civil War

🛡1946-90 Start of the Cold War

🛡1948-60 Start of Malayan Emergency

🛡1950-3 Korean War

📖 George Orwell